A Physiological Approach to Assess Arousal in Virtual Reality and Computer-based Remote Collaboration
Event Type
Virtual Program Session
Virtual Environments
TimeFriday, October 14th10:15am - 10:37am EDT
DescriptionCollaboration has progressed from localized activities to highly advanced, global endeavors, particularly during the COVID pandemic. As a result, virtual reality (VR) platforms have developed immersive technologies to enable collaborations; however, few studies compared these VR platforms to standard collaboration methods. In this study, we used physiological data from electrocardiogram and galvanic skin response sensors to measure the level of arousal during a VR head-mounted display (HMD) and computer (PC)-based object assembly task. The subjects performed the task in four remote collaboration scenarios (PC-PC, PC-HMD, HMD-PC, and HMD-HMD). We discovered that HMD-based scenarios result in lower root mean square of successive differences values and higher non-specific skin conductance responses per minute; both suggest enhanced arousal compared to the PC-based scenarios. This study offers insight into the underlying physiological responses in remote collaboration. HMD-based interfaces are a viable solution to increase arousal during remote collaboration, affecting the level of engagement.