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Identifying the Out Of The Loop phenomenon during driving automation using spontaneous gaze behavior
DescriptionHuman factors research that addresses driver-automation interaction is required to mitigate crashes related to the deployment of automated vehicles. While Automated Driving Systems still require driver supervision, there will remain room for human error. This paper presents results from the first in a series of experiments that aim to estimate driver situation awareness using spontaneous gaze behaviour and to ensure the driver is ready for takeover. Spontaneous gaze behaviour was studied and compared among 13 participants between partial driving automaton and driver assistance automations condition to extract indicators of the out of the loop phenomenon.