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A Comparative Evaluation of XR-based Remote Collaboration Platforms: A Case Study
SessionPoster Session 1
DescriptionThe outbreak of COVID-19 has increased the demand for highly immersive virtual environments that enable remote collaboration. Extended reality (XR) is a key technology that led to the development of social and collaborative environments. As a result, research on the development of commercial platforms in XR is increasing; however, there is still a lack of research on a systematic comparison of such platforms. This study intends to compare the collaborative spaces of Microsoft Mesh and Spatial utilized in the XR environment, based on four criteria, manipulation, avatar fidelity, data sharing, and annotation tools. Moreover, we perform a case study that focuses on manipulation and examines the effects of XR-based collaboration platforms and task difficulty on perceived workload, usability, and sense of presence. It was revealed that Mesh had better outcomes in terms of perceived workload, usability, and presence, than Spatial. This study has implications for the XR-based remote collaboration guideline.