Jacobo Antona-Makoshi holds a Bachelor in Mechanical Engineering from the Polytechnique University of Madrid (Spain), and a MSc. in Automotive Engineering and a PhD. in brain injury biomechanics from Chalmers University of Technology (Sweden). He has extensive automotive safety related research experience at the Japan Automobile Research Institute, including real-world accident data collection and analysis, injury biomechanics experimental and computational research, human behavior and traffic flow simulation modeling, automated driving safety assurance methodology development, and large scale international strategic research development.